Bodily injury liability insurance is always combined with property damage liability coverage to make up the primary auto liability insurance portion of a commercial auto insurance policy.
If you cause an accident that injures other people, your bodily injury liability insurance will pay the amount you are legally obligated to pay for those injuries and related costs, which can include:
As part of your primary auto liability insurance, bodily injury coverage not only protects you from paying for these expenses out of pocket but may also pay for your legal defense if you are sued as a result of your involvement in an accident.
Everyone who drives a vehicle needs bodily injury liability insurance to protect them if their vehicles cause an injury or death to another person. In most situations, bodily injury liability insurance is required by law.
For-hire truckers who operate under their own authority need bodily injury liability insurance to obtain certain filings.
With bodily injury liability insurance, you must select limits, which determine the maximum amount your insurance company will pay if you must use this insurance coverage. Limits are described either as split limits or as a combined single limit (CSL).
Split limits are two numbers that describe the maximum payment per person and the maximum payment for all injuries in an accident.
For example, if you caused an accident and chose limits of $15,000/$30,000, your bodily injury liability insurance would pay up to $15,000 per person injured, up to a maximum total of $30,000 for all injuries in the entire accident.
With a combined single limit (CSL), only one number is used to describe the limits for both your bodily injury liability and your property damage liability insurance. In this case, there is no specific limit per person, just a maximum total that is paid for all injuries and property damage that result from a single accident that you cause.
For example, if you selected a combined single limit (CSL) of $1,000,000, your insurance company would pay up to $1,000,000 for all medical and injury-related bills and all property damage expenses that you caused in an accident.
You’re driving down the street and rear-end the car in front of you.
Fortunately, no one is seriously hurt, but there are a few minor injuries. The other driver has a gash on her forehead that might need stitches, and the passenger from the other car has a broken arm.
If you selected bodily injury liability insurance limits of $20,000/$40,000, your insurance would pay:
Since each individual’s bills were less than $20,000, and the total for all the injuries was only $20,000 – well below your $40,000 limit – your insurance would pay for everything.
What if the injuries had been more severe, however? If the expenses for treatment had been $30,000 for the other driver and $10,000 for the passenger, the total amount of $40,000 would be covered, but the individual amount for the other driver would exceed your per-person limit of $20,000.
In this case, your bodily injury liability insurance would pay the maximum amount of $20,000 for the other driver and the full $10,000 for the passenger. You, however, would be responsible for paying the extra $10,000 for the other driver’s bills.
Fortunately, Navigator knows the individual state and federal requirements, and will make sure you have at least the minimum amount of bodily injury liability insurance as required by law.